Fire Code Rules and Regulations

Rules and Regulations that Must be Complied With

Retrofit is legislation contained in the Ontario Fire Code is designed to bring existing buildings up to a reasonable level of life safety.

Section 9.8

Two Unit Residential Occupancies. Covers basement apartments, second suites and duplexes.

Section 9.5

Low Rise Residential Occupancies. Covers small apartment buildings.

The Code clearly states under Part 1 that the Owner is responsible to carry out the provisions of the Code.

“Penalties from non-compliance range from up to $25,000 for individuals and to $50,000 for corporations or one year in prison or both.”

What are the Requirements of the Ontario Fire Code?

In general, the regulation looks at five areas of fire safety:

  1. Containment - Contain fires within units and from other areas.
  2. Means of Escape - Require two exits per floor though variations may apply.
  3. Alarms - Smoke alarms, require a minimum of one per floor. Carbon monoxide alarms, require a minimum of one per unit.
  4. Fire Suppression - Require one fire extinguisher per floor with sprinklers optional.
  5. Electrical Safety Compliance - Two unit buildings shall be subject to inspection by the Electrical Safety Authority.

Properties which need to comply

Two Unit Dwellings
  • Detached, semi-detached and duplex containing two dwelling units.
Multiple Units
  • Detached and semi-detached house with more than two dwelling units.
Apartment Buildings
  • Three units or more.
Mixed Residential/Commercial
  • Three units above commercial store

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